Talking Caterpillars Links:
Butterflies, By R. Grund, chair of Butterfly
Conservation South Australia Inc.
-- fabulous photos of ant/lycaenid interactions
From the same web site:
of the blue, Ogyris genoveva
Index of datasheets
and life histories of south Australian butterflies, including life history
info on lycaenids and their interactions with ants.
welcome at caterpillar picnics" - ScienceNow article on research
by Anurag Agrawal at the University of Toronto in Canada. "Lycaenid
caterpillars squeezed with tweezers to mimic an ant attack oozed twice
as much sugar as they normally do when being groomed, the researchers
report in the 22 September issue of the Proceedings of the Royal Society
& Caterpillars: Interdependence" - brief interview with Diane
Wagner (University of Las Vegas, Nevada) in the Sonoran Desert on ants
and Hemiargus isola. From "Pulse of
the Planet" (2-min science sound bite) July 31, 2002
Interactions: Research home page of Diane Wagner at the University
of Las Vegas, Nevada.
--Nice photos of Hemiargus isola.
Life With Lycaenids" -- profile of Naomi Pierce, from the Harvard
Magazine, July-August 2001, with some info on her research.
page for research on "large blues:" Drs. David Nash and
Thomas Damm Als at the University of Copenhagen and Aarhus are currently
investigating communication between the Alcon blue butterfly (genus Maculniea)
and its host ants. Maculinea butterflies
have an unusual life cycle in which most of their larval life is spent
as parasites inside ant nests.
More from the same web site:
Blue Butterfly (Jalmenus), with diagram
of larva showing location of ant-communication organs.
Blue (Maculinea) which gets adopted by
of DNOs and pore cupolas
Pawns In Battle Of Wasps, Butterflies: National Geographic News, May
30, 2002. Based on research by J. A. Thomas et al. that appeared in the
May 30 issue of Nature. "Even when they win, they lose: Hapless ants,
like mortals caught in a crossfire between competing gods, are exploited
in turn by two other insectsa butterfly and a wasp. When the wasp
attacks the larval butterfly, it drives the ants to attack each other,
turning them into incidental casualties."
Blue Butterflies Fool Ants: UniSci March 6, 2001. "Entomologists
are finally unraveling the extraordinary relationship between certain
ants and two very rare British insects -- the large blue butterfly and
the Microdon hoverfly." Based on research by J. A. Thomas and others.
Squeak" from Science News Online, Feb. 5, 2000; Vol. 157, No.
6: mostly about ant acoustic communication, but includes stuff about lycaenid
Hickling, R. 1999. Ants have an acoustic
world of their own. Meeting of the Entomological Society of America.
Dec. 12-16. Atlanta.
Roces, F., and B. Hölldobler. 1996. Use
of stridulation in foraging leaf-cutting ants: Mechanical support
during cutting or short-range recruitment signal? Behavioral Ecology and
______. 1995. Vibrational communication between
hitchhikers and foragers in leaf-cutting ants (Atta cephalotes).
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 37:297.
Ants--Interactive insects: ants that have a symbiotic relationship
with lycaenids, in Malaysia. From Star Publications (Malaysia) Tuesday,
December 17, 2002.